How do Teachers Become Culturally Responsive?

  • Recognize that their values might reflect their prejudices or even racism toward certain groups.
  • Explore personal histories and experiences, as well as the history and current experiences of their students and families [to have a] greater appreciation of differences” (6).

Activities for Becoming a Culturally Responsive Teacher:

  • Engage in reflective teaching and writing
  • Explore personal and family history
  • Acknowledge membership in different groups
  • Learn about the history and experiences of diverse groups
  • Visit students’ families and communities
  • Visit or read about successful teachers in diverse settings
  • Develop an appreciation of diversity
  • Participate in reforming the institution

How Does Instruction Become Culturally Responsive?

Activities for Culturally Responsive Instruction:

  • Acknowledge students’ differences as well as their commonalities
  • Validate students’ cultural identity in classroom practices and instructional materials
  • Educate students about the diversity of the world around them
  • Promote equity and mutual respect among students
  • Assess students’ ability and achievement validly
  • Foster a positive interrelationship among students, their families, the community, and the school
  • Motivate students to become active participants in their learning
  • Encourage students to think critically
  • Challenge students to strive for excellence as defined by their potential
  • Assist students in becoming socially and politically conscious


  1. Theorists Discuss Culturally Responsive Teaching
  2. Teacher Reflections and Questionnaires on Cultural Responsiveness


  1. Culturally Responsive Pedagogy